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               Spring 2005 Issue


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Early Season Erie Walleyes
by Rick Olson

The overall winner and undisputed champion is none other than Lake Erie and it still retains the ďBest Fishery in the WorldĒ title. Even though things have changed and loading the boat with giant eye popping walleyes isnít as easy as it used to be itís still good, real good. Real good means you can still have days reminiscent of an era gone by, and includes solid catches of six, seven, and eight pounders. Throw in a serious shot at a big hawg and you have whatís available now, especially this time of the year.

The big average of old has been on the slide as of late and is biological matter. Brain samples were taken from fish caught during a recent tournament which provides a more accurate method for aging fish, and the results were surprising! What the researchers found was that the ten to fourteen pounders were actually twenty years old! The fact is the huge year class that had been a big part of anglerís catches in recent years has reached the limits of itís natural life expectancy and is dying off. Iíve been fortunate enough to have had the opportunity to follow and take advantage of this big class and have been fishing at least one tournament on Erie ever year for the last thirteen years. Even though a big class is on itís way out thereís more coming to fill the gap, it just takes time.

Late May and early April is one of the best times to be on the big water as it coincides with the end of the spawning period. Although the post spawn period is usually associated with some of the toughest conditions youíll ever be faced with , Erie is definitely the exception.

You can find the key to overcoming these tough fishing conditions in the numbers. The spawning season is a time of the year when walleyes bunch up in heavy concentrations, on or near major spawning reefs and shoals. Lake Erie is no exception and the walleyes stack into these aforementioned areas like nowhere else on earth. With that many fish bunched up into limited confines, the odds of finding a few biters starts to get better and better.

Although some of the Lake Erie spawn occurs in itís numerous incoming rivers and streams, most takesplace on itís rocky reefs and bars. Many of these spawning reefs are located in the western most part of the lake, and include the Bass Islands and all points west. Walleyes that roam the main part of the lake for much of the year, begin a migration that leads them into the western basin by early spring.  The rocky reefs and bars are easily found on any of the many good maps that are available, and are the very place where you should start your search. Some of the best reefs are smack dab in the middle of the Camp Perry firing range and can be fished, but pay attention and be on your way when the warning siren is sounded. Buoys A,B,C,D and E are in harms way and all mark reefs that see major concentrations of spawning fish.

Although you would normally expect spawning activities to take place in shallow water, the Erie reefs are an exception to the rule, and the deeper structure should not be overlooked. These reefs will attract and hold smaller male walleyes for up to three or four weeks, and can make for some fantastic fishing. They are easily fished by simply throwing out an anchor and working vertically with a jig tipped with a minnow.  Itís pretty basic but can be a real gas, especially when youíre getting hit on every drop and when you pull a fish to the surface and see four or five fish following it in.

While the top of the reefs can really heat up, itís not the place to catch the real hawgs. Those are the females which are the larger of the species and can be found close by, but require a completely different approach.

To get in on the big fish, try looking down and out. Females donít seem to waste much time when it comes to the spawning cycle as they move in, drop their eggs, and then move off. Theyíll often head to the first break or drop-off and take a little time to rest, laying and recuperating in deeper water. Even on Erie fish that are spawning, or have just finished, are not very catchable. Walleyes donít all spawn at the same time however, and plenty of fish can be found in the various stages. The ones to key on are the fish that have yet to spawn, and those that have had a week or two to recuperate.

To get in on the action you can try dragging a jig and minnow along the base of the drop off. Because youíll be working deeper water, a heavier jig is in order. Jigs in the 3/8 to 1/2 oz. range tipped with a minnow are the ticket. A simple lift and drop is about all the action youíll need to trigger a strike.  The next place to look is the open water, beyond any type of structure. As big walleyes become active theyíll suspend in open water, relating to nothing but their next meal. They are easily marked on a good graph like the Raymarine C80 which has a dual cone transducer. The C80 has a transducer with both an 11 degree and 45 degree cone, and the wide angle 45 degree beam takes a wide swath which can help toquickly eliminate water. If youíre not marking fish theyíre not there and you better keep moving until you do.

As previously mentioned active walleyes will suspend, but when theyíre not riding high they can often be found holding tight to the bottom, even if the bottom is mud or silt. A passing cold front can push them tight to the bottom but may still be caught. Even if theyíre a little off, at least a few of those fish holding tight can be caught. A bottom bouncer and a spinner and live bait combo is one of the best ways to yank walleyes that are glued to the bottom.

Spinners and crawlers trolled behind bottom bouncers are a top pick for bottom hugging walleyes and bigger blades in sizes #4 or #5 are what the situation calls for. The bigger blades get noticed and remember; youíre fishing for Lake Erie walleyes which are much bigger on average than just about anywhere else.

Another consideration is water temperature as spinner rigs become more productive in the fifty degree and above range. If youíre dealing with fifty degree and colder water temps you might be better off sticking with crankaits, which are better cold water producers.

As conditions begin to stabilize and the weather steadily improves, more and more fish will lift off the bottom and suspend which can make for peak fishing conditions. When that happens trolling crankbaits becomes the most effective means for putting huge numbers of walleyes in the boat. Crankbaits like the Husky Jerk and Deep Husky Jerk can prove to be too much for all those eyes to resist.

To get a bait to ride at the right depth youíll probably have to experiment and there are several ways to get the job done. One includes using a crank that will dive to the desired depth and another involves using lead core line, inline weights, and snap weights. A shallow running bait can be run at just about any depth with the addition of weight and adding an inline weight keeps it simple. The problem though is that you tend to lose fish when it gets rough and when you would be better off switching to snap weights which can be added and removed fifty feet or more in front of the bait.

Another early season pattern involves working shallow water fish inside the big spawning reefs and the action can be phenomenal. Trolling cranks like #7 or #9 Shad Raps along seven to ten foot shoreline breakscan produce lots of fish and most will be on the smaller side, but there are some monsters the occasionally get caught.

The overall riding factor that can effect your early season Erie success is weather, particularly wind. Wind can turn clear water to mud overnight, and completely shut down the hottest action. Once it gets stirred up it might take at least a couple of days of settling out to clear things up enough to get it all going again If youíre faced with muddy conditions try to find the clearest water you can, which typically lies east of the islands.