Lake Erie Walleye
Summer 2003 Issue
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Possible Walleye & Perch
For the next two years the lights may dim over Lake Erie¹s marquee highlighting it as the "Walleye Capital of the World." Beginning in 2004, major reductions in Lake Erie¹s total allowable catch of both walleye and yellow perch are anticipated. Reductions are likely to extend into 2005 as well.
Reporting that Lake Erie has experienced poor young-of-year hatches of walleye in 2000 and again last year, the Great Lakes Fisheries Commission¹s Lake Erie Committee is strongly hinting that reduced daily
catch limits will come about for all stake holders.
These cuts could be between 40 and 60 percent of this year’s total allowable catch. Lake Erie’s 2003 allowable walleye catch is 3.4 million fish and 9.9 million pounds of yellow perch.
"Last year’s walleye hatch was probably the worst we’ve seen in 25 years, and the yellow perch hatch was not much better," said Kevin Kayle, manager of the Ohio Division of Wildlife¹s Fairport Harbor Fisheries
Such talk could hurt an already ailing sport fishing charter industry. Coupled with a sluggish economy, reductions in daily bag limits would not help in either recruiting new business or retaining existing customers. "This certainly isn¹t good news," said Ron Johnson of Painesville Township.
"Johnson says that Ohio’s lake Erie sport fishermen aren’t even taking their quota limit of walleye now.
Consequently, Johnson says, any further restrictions "don¹t make sense." "And I can’t understand why they increased the yellow perch quota for Ontario’s commercial fishermen. We’re talking thousands of pounds of
fish," Johnson said.
Each Lake Erie bordering state and province is allocated a certain share of the allowable catch. Each cut of the pie is determined by a formula based on the surface area of the lake under the jurisdiction of the
respective state or province. Ohio receives 51 percent of the catch limit for all of Lake Erie. Meanwhile, Ontario’s share is 43 percent. New York, Michigan and Pennsylvania split the remaining 6 percent. But the problem is not just with walleye. The commission is deeply concerned about Lake Erie’s yellow perch stocks. Here, poor recruitment of hatched fish was noted in 2002 as well.
Consequently the commission is forecasting that agencies and anglers should prepare themselves for reduced catch limits in 2004, for both walleye and yellow perch.
"With our regulation cycle we’re going to put forth our proposals for the 2004-2005 fishing season later this summer," Kayle said. "Right now, we¹re expecting changes, but we will be pouring over the data as well as
the social and economic impact of any law changes before we decide what to do."
Pennsylvania’s possible solution to its anticipated requirement to reduce the harvest next year may include an increase in the minimum size limit. That state’s Fish and Boat Commission is exploring the possibility of
increasing the size limit from the present 15 inches to 20 inches. Kayle also said he expects to see a series of public forums that will address the issue, allowing the fishing public to hear the division’s arguments.
"The thing in our favor is that we haven’t even come close to meeting our quota so we should still have some buffer that we can live off before we would have to make some serious cuts," Kayle said.
For this year Ohio’s Lake Erie anglers will continue to live under a daily bag limit of 6 walleye if taken between May 1 and February 28, 4 fish if caught between March 1 and April 30. Ohio’s yellow perch anglers can currently keep 30 fish per day.